Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Details
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is an injectable treatment that uses the patient’s own blood to biostimulate skin cells. It is also known as a “Vampire Facelift”. PRP has been used as a modality in anti-ageing since 2005 and is a fast-growing field of aesthetic medicine. Hollywood celebrities such as Kim Kardashian (who was photographed with her face smeared with whole blood rather than PRP) have praised the treatment for its skin rejuvenating effects in treating wrinkles, improving skin quality and elasticity and increasing facial volume.
WHAT IS INVOLVED IN THE TREATMENT?
A blood sample is taken from the client via venepuncture. This blood is immediately placed in a centrifuge to separate the platelet rich plasma from the other components of the blood. This is extremely important as it is the plasma that contains the growth factors responsible for the efficacy of PRP treatment. The platelet containing plasma is then redrawn into a syringe and directly injected into the deep dermis of the skin (at Vamp we only use direct injecting techniques). A series of injections are needed to cover the treated area.
HOW DOES PRP WORK?
PRP works by delivering active growth factors to the deep layers of the skin. These growth factors regenerate the skin by:
- Stimulating collagen which can increase skin thickness and volume
- Stimulating elastin which can increase the elasticity of the skin
- Induction of stem cell division and differentiation
- Stimulating angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels in the skin
WHO IS SUITABLE FOR PRP?
Anyone is suitable for PRP (breastfeeding and pregnant women are not suitable, other exclusions apply dependent on medical history) who is looking to treat:
- Tired and dry thin skin, lack of skin tension, uneven pigmentation
- Signs of aging such as fine lines, wrinkles
- Clients with increased risk for allergic reactions may choose to have PRP over any other injectable treatments as the treatment is autologous
- Clients looking for a ‘natural treatment’
CAN PRP BE USED IN PLACE OF DERMAL FILLERS TO IMPROVE FACIAL VOLUME?
This depends on the area you are looking to treat and the amount of volume you are looking to restore in the area. Although PRP will help restore facial volume lost through the process of ageing, it is best used in conjunction with dermal fillers for a more complete facial rejuvenation, particularly for clients with more advanced signs of ageing. Clients with more moderate signs of ageing such as minor facial fat loss, minor skin laxity or fine lines, may opt for a course of PRP treatments with maintenance treatments every 6-12 months.
WHAT AREAS OF THE FACE AND BODY CAN BE TREATED?
Any area of the face and body can be treated with PRP. The face, eyes, neck, décolletage and chest are the most common areas for injection with PRP. The under eye area is a popular area and is a difficult area to treat. Dynamic wrinkles can be treated with anti-wrinkle injections and dermal filler injected into the tear troughs can be used to restore volume but fine lines and ‘crepiness’ are a persistent problem. Fractional Radiofrequency treatments are an option for this area, but injections are often more popular. So PRP is the best treatment and we can cover the lower and upper eyelid with PRP. The PRP will help those fine lines and also thicken that crepey under eye skin.
HOW OFTEN DOES IT NEED TO BE PERFORMED TO SEE RESULTS AND HOW LONG DOES IT LAST?
This depends on the extent of ageing in the treated area. Typically a course of 3-4 treatments is recommended 4-6 weeks apart. As a guide, maintenance treatments are recommended as follows:
≤ 35 years old – booster injections every 12–24 months
36–45 years old booster injections every 9–12 months, then yearly
45-60 years old booster injections every 6 months, then yearly
≥ 60 years old booster injections every 3, 6 and 18 months
ARE THERE ANY SIDE EFFECTS?
Side effects include bruising (which can be significant especially around the eyes), redness and swelling (which can also be significant especially around the eyes).
HOW LONG UNTIL YOU CAN SEE THE RESULTS?
This depends of the clients age and therefore the extent of visible ageing. For clients with minor or moderate signs of ageing results can be seen in 4-6 weeks. In clients with more advanced signs of ageing visible results may take up to 12 weeks.